Main content area

Concentrations of mercury (Hg) and selenium (Se) in afterbirth and their relations with various factors

Kosik-Bogacka, Danuta, Łanocha-Arendarczyk, Natalia, Kot, Karolina, Malinowski, Witold, Szymański, Sławomir, Sipak-Szmigiel, Olimpia, Pilarczyk, Bogumiła, Tomza-Marciniak, Agnieszka, Podlasińska, Joanna, Tomska, Natalia, Ciosek, Żaneta
Environmental geochemistry and health 2018 v.40 no.4 pp. 1683-1695
birth weight, extraembryonic membranes, mercury, placenta, selenium, toxicity, umbilical cord, women, Poland
The aim of the study was to evaluate Hg and Se concentrations and Se:Hg molar ratios in the placenta, umbilical cord and fetal membranes, and to examine the relationship between the concentrations of the elements and selected factors. The study material consisted of the placenta, umbilical cord and fetal membranes obtained from 91 healthy women from northwestern and central Poland. In our study mean Hg and Se concentrations in afterbirth were ~ 0.01 mg/kg dry weight (dw) and ≤ 0.5 mg/kg dw, respectively. Correlation analysis showed negative relationships between placenta weight and Se concentration in the placenta and umbilical cord, as well as between placenta length and Se levels in the umbilical cord. We found negative correlations between THg concentration in the placenta and birth weight and between Se concentration in the placenta and umbilical cord and the morphological parameters of the placenta. Furthermore, we noted new types of interactions in specific parts of the afterbirth. In our study, Se:THg molar ratios ranged from 5 to 626; these values indicate protection against Hg toxicity.