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Mapping of QTL for seed dormancy in a winter oilseed rape doubled haploid population

Schatzki, Jörg, Schoo, Burkhard, Ecke, Wolfgang, Herrfurth, Cornelia, Feussner, Ivo, Becker, Heiko C., Möllers, Christian
Theoretical and applied genetics 2013 v.126 no.9 pp. 2405-2415
Brassica napus var. napus, crops, field experimentation, genotype, haploidy, phenotypic variation, quantitative trait loci, seed dormancy, seeds, soil, volunteer plants, Germany
Following winter oilseed rape cultivation, considerable numbers of volunteer oilseed rape plants may occur in subsequent years in following crops. The appearance of volunteer oilseed rape plants is based on the capability of the seeds to become secondary dormant and to survive in this stage for many years in the soil. Genetic reduction of secondary seed dormancy in oilseed rape could provide a means to reduce the frequency of volunteer plants and especially the dispersal of transgenic oilseed rape. The objective of the present study was to analyse the inheritance of primary and secondary seed dormancy in a winter oilseed rape doubled haploid population derived from the cross Express 617 × R53 and to study correlations to other seed traits. Field experiments were performed in Germany for 2 years at two locations with two replicates. Seeds harvested from open pollinated plants were used for all analyses, including a laboratory test for seed dormancy. A previously developed molecular marker map of the doubled haploid population was used to map QTL of the relevant traits. For primary, secondary and total seed dormancy, the results showed significant effects of the genotypes and their interactions, with years and locations. Two, four and five QTL were detected for primary, secondary and total seed dormancy which explained 19, 35 and 42 % of the phenotypic variance, respectively. Results show that secondary seed dormancy is a heritable trait and that selection for low secondary seed dormancy is possible.