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Determination of four salicylic acids in aloe by in vivo solid phase microextraction coupling with liquid chromatography-photodiode array detection

Fang, Xu’an, Chen, Guosheng, Qiu, Junlang, Xu, Jianqiao, Wang, Junhui, Zhu, Fang, Ouyang, Gangfeng
Talanta 2018 v.184 pp. 520-526
Aloe, aspirin, cadmium, graphene, liquids, plant hormones, plant tissues, salicylic acid, solid phase microextraction, statistical analysis, stress tolerance
In recent years, great concerns have been raised about salicylic acid (SA) and its derivatives as plant regulators. Therefore, precise determination of the distribution of SAs in the living plants is necessary for not only fundamental researches but also the regulating mechanisms. In this study, a custom-made solid phase microextraction (SPME) fiber based on diallyl dimethyl ammonium chloride-assembled graphene oxide-coated C18 composite (C18@GO@PDDA) was proposed for in vivo detection of salicylic acid, acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), 4-methyl salicylic acid(4-SA)and 3-methyl salicylic acid (3-SA) in aloe plants. Under the optimized conditions, the analytical performance evaluated in homogenized aloe plant tissues exhibited low detection limits (1.8–2.8 μg g−1), wide linear ranges (10–5000 μg g−1), and satisfactory reproducibility (relative standard deviations less than 8.4% and 9.3% for inter-fiber and intra-fiber assays, respectively). Under cadmium stress, the developed method was applied for the in vivo tracing of four salicylic acids in aloe plants. A 48-h in vivo tracing revealed that salicylic acids were involved in the pathway of cadmium stress tolerance. To our best knowledge, it is the first effort to realize the in vivo analysis of SA and its derivatives in plants, and it has a made a great step forward in the area of plant hormone analysis.