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Effects of red mud based passivator on the transformation of Cd fraction in acidic Cd-polluted paddy soil and Cd absorption in rice

Li, Hui, Liu, Yan, Zhou, Yaoyu, Zhang, Jiachao, Mao, Qiming, Yang, Yuan, Huang, Hongli, Liu, Zhaohui, Peng, Qinghui, Luo, Lin
The Science of the total environment 2018 v.640-641 pp. 736-745
absorption, acid soils, brown rice, cadmium, diatomaceous earth, field experimentation, grain yield, growing season, pH, paddies, paddy soils, phosphorus, remediation, soil stabilization, China
Highly effective, economical, and replicable ways of Cd-polluted paddy field remediation (in situ) are urgently needed. In this work, a yearlong field experiment (both early and late rice) was conducted to investigate the effects of red mud based passivator [red mud, diatomite, and lime (5:3:2)] on remediation of an acidic Cd-polluted paddy field in Hunan Province. Compared with the control, the addition of red mud based passivator in the early and late rice reduced Cd concentration in each part of the rice plant (with the most significant decrease rate of 59.18% and 72.11% for brown rice in the early rice and late rice seasons respectively). The effect of Cd reduction in the rice plant was persistent in the next growing season. The addition of red mud based passivator also reduced the exchangeable fraction of Cd in the soil and converted the exchangeable fraction into other unavailable fractions. This study demonstrated that the pH in acidic soil increased after the application of red mud based passivator. Furthermore, red mud based passivator had no effect on the concentrations of Olsen-K, Alkaline-N, Olsen-P in the soil, but increased rice grain yield. Overall, the results of this study indicated that the red mud based passivator at 0.6 kg m−2 could be a recommendation for Cd-polluted acidic paddy soil stabilization, and it would be a suitable method for remediation of Cd-polluted acidic paddy soil.