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Accelerated skin wound healing by soy protein isolate–modified hydroxypropyl chitosan composite films

Zhao, Yanan, Wang, Zijian, Zhang, Qiang, Chen, Feixiang, Yue, Zhiyi, Zhang, Tiantian, Deng, Hongbing, Huselstein, Céline, Anderson, Debbie P., Chang, Peter R., Li, Yinping, Chen, Yun
International journal of biological macromolecules 2018
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, biocompatibility, chitosan, composite films, composite materials, crosslinking, evaporation, hemolysis, in vitro studies, mechanical testing, models, physical properties, protein isolates, rats, scanning electron microscopy, soy protein, tensile strength
In this study, a series of hydroxypropyl chitosan (HPCS)/soy protein isolate (SPI) composite films (HCSFs) with different SPI contents were developed via crosslinking, solution casting, and evaporation process. Effects of the SPI content on the structure and physical properties of the HCSFs were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction patterns, scanning electron microscopy, swelling kinetics analysis, and mechanical testing. The HCSFs exhibited a lower swelling ratio with an increase in the SPI content. The tensile strength was in a tunable range from 7.88 ± 3.08 to 40.44 ± 2.31 MPa by adjusting the SPI content. Cytocompatibility and hemocompatibility of the HCSFs were evaluated by a series of in vitro assays, including MTT assay, live/dead assay, cell morphology observation, hemolysis ratio testing, and plasma recalcification time measurement. Results showed that the HCSFs support L929 cells attachment and proliferation without obvious hemolysis, indicating good cytocompatibility and hemocompatibility. The potential of resultant HCSFs as the wound dressings was investigated using a full-thickness skin wound model in rats. Results exhibited that the HCSFs with 50% SPI content had the fastest healing speed and the best skin regeneration efficiency and may be a potential candidate as the wound dressing.