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Biosynthesized AgNP capped on novel nanocomposite 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin/alginate as a catalyst for degradation of pollutants

Nguyen, Thanh-Danh, Dang, Chi-Hien, Mai, Dinh-Tri
Carbohydrate polymers 2018 v.197 pp. 29-37
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Jasminum, alginates, aqueous solutions, catalysts, catalytic activity, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, gelation, industrial effluents, ions, leaves, methyl orange, nanocomposites, nanoparticles, nanosilver, p-nitrophenol, reducing agents, rhodamines, silver, transmission electron microscopy, trapping, ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, zeta potential
This study presents an efficient and facile method for the trapping of Ag+ ions on hybrid nanocomposite based on 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPCD) and alginate (Alg) in aqueous medium through ionotropic gelation mechanism and followed by in situ assembly of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using aqueous extract of Jasminum subtriplinerve leaves as a reducing agent. The nanocomposite AgNPs/HPCD/Alg was characterized by UV-vis, EDX, TEM, HR-TEM analysis. The AgNPs were found to be spherical shape and uniform size with an average diameter of 13.5 nm. EDX data showed about 4.0% (w/w) of AgNPs capped on the nanocomposite HPCD/Alg. The role of HPCD and Alg in the nanocomposites was observed from FTIR and thermal studies. The stability and distribution of the nanoparticles in the aqueous solution were determined by zeta potential and DLS measurements. The nanocomposites showed excellent catalytic performance for degradation of pollutants within industrial effluents including 4-nitrophenol, methyl orange and rhodamine B.