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A study on velocity of aeolian sand particles over leeward slope by particle image velocimetry

Sun, Wenhai, Huang, Ning
Geomorphology 2018 v.317 pp. 157-169
dust emissions, eolian sands, landforms, models, particle image velocimetry, particle size, sand, topographic slope, wind speed
Current studies on the movement of saltation sand grains in aeolian flow over a complex surface are not satisfactory. This is mainly because the landform conditions of most aeolian sand transport models are based on flat sand beds without considering the effect of complex surface and slope on the structure of aeolian sand flow. In this paper, we used particle image velocimetry (PIV) to measure the state of motion of aeolian sand particles over the leeward slope area, analyzed the characteristics of these sands particles with height H above the surface on the leeward slope, including the relationship of their mean speed to the slope height and the incoming wind speed, and the relationship of particle size with height. Finally, we proposed a formula to describe the linear relationship of the dust emission rate to the incoming wind speed on the bed surface in the leeward slope area. Our conclusions are of significance for the study of wind-driven sand flow in the leeward slope.