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Pseudo-radar algorithms with two extremely wet months of disdrometer data in the Paris area

Gires, A., Tchiguirinskaia, I., Schertzer, D.
Atmospheric research 2018 v.203 pp. 216-230
algorithms, data collection, models, radar, rain, time series analysis
Disdrometer data collected during the two extremely wet months of May and June 2016 at the Ecole des Ponts ParisTech are used to get insights on radar algorithms. The rain rate and pseudo-radar quantities (horizontal and vertical reflectivity, specific differential phase shift) are all estimated over several durations with the help of drop size distributions (DSD) collected at 30s time steps. The pseudo-radar quantities are defined with simplifying hypotheses, in particular on the DSD homogeneity. First it appears that the parameters of the standard radar relations Zh−R, R−Kdp and R−Zh−Zdr for these pseudo-radar quantities exhibit strong variability between events and even within an event. Second an innovative methodology that relies on checking the ability of a given algorithm to reproduce the good scale invariant multifractal behaviour (on scales 30s – few h) observed on rainfall time series is implemented. In this framework, the classical hybrid model (Zh−R for low rain rates and R−Kdp for great ones) performs best, as well as the local estimates of the radar relations' parameters. However, we emphasise that due to the hypotheses on which they rely these observations cannot be straightforwardly extended to real radar quantities.