Main content area

A new approach to sizing the photovoltaic generator in self-consumption systems based on cost–competitiveness, maximizing direct self-consumption

Talavera, D.L., Muñoz-Rodriguez, F.J., Jimenez-Castillo, G., Rus-Casas, C.
Renewable energy 2019 v.130 pp. 1021-1035
ecosystem services, electric energy consumption, electricity, electricity costs, energy, households, irradiation, profitability, renewable energy sources, small businesses, Spain
Applications for sizing Photovoltaic (PV) self-consumption systems have been studied over recent years in order to achieve either an optimization of the cost of energy, the investment cost or any economic profitability criteria. However, PV self-consumption systems at the residential or small business level can be designed with the aims of reducing the electricity consumption from the conventional local grid and achieving competitiveness with grid electricity prices. These criteria will provide not only greater environmental benefits, security and independence of the grid but it will make the cost of PV self-consumption electricity competitive with electricity prices from the power grid. In this sense, this paper proposes a method to size the generator for a PV self-consumption system based on cost-competitiveness, maximizing direct self-consumption. The method will be applied for three different households located in the south of Spain using the household daily consumption and generation profiles for a single year. However, the method here illustrated can be applied to other countries. The results obtained suggest that residential direct PV self-consumption systems with an annual global irradiation at the optimal tilt angle higher than 1000 kWh/(m²·year) may be a feasible investment to future owners of these systems.