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Upper Washita River Experimental Watersheds: Reservoir, Groundwater, and Stream Flow Data

Daniel N. Moriasi, Patrick J. Starks, Jorge A. Guzman, Jurgen D. Garbrecht, Jean L. Steiner, J. Chris Stoner, Paul. B. Allen, James W. Naney
Journal of environmental quality 2014 v.43 no.4 pp. 1262-1272
Soil and Water Assessment Tool model, data collection, gauges, groundwater, hydrologic data, land cover, land use, monitoring, rivers, seepage, simulation models, soil erosion, stream channels, stream flow, surface water, surveys, water quality, water reservoirs, water table, watershed hydrology, watersheds, wells, Great Plains region, Oklahoma
Surface and groundwater quantity and quality data are essential in many hydrologic applications and to the development of hydrologic and water quality simulation models. We describe the hydrologic data available in the Little Washita River Experimental Watershed (LWREW) of the Southern Great Plains Research Watershed (SGPRW) and Fort Cobb Reservoir Experimental Watershed (FCREW), both located in southwest Oklahoma. Specifically, we describe the flood retarding structures and corresponding stage, discharge, seepage, and consumptive use data (http://www.usbr.gov/gp-bin/arcweb_cobb.pl), stream gauges, and groundwater wells and their corresponding stream flow (http://waterdata.usgs.gov/ok/nwis/sw; LWREW ARS 522–526 stream gauges) and groundwater level data (SGPRW groundwater levels data; LWREW groundwater data; http://waterdata.usgs.gov/ok/nwis/inventory; http://nwis.waterdata.usgs.gov/ok/nwis/gwlevels), respectively. Data collection is a collaborative effort between federal and state agencies. Stage, discharge, seepage, and consumptive use data for the Fort Cobb Reservoir are available from the Bureau of Reclamation and cover a period of 1959 to present. There are 15 stream gauges in the LWREW and six in the FCREW with varying data records. There were 479 observation wells with data in the SGPRW and 80 in the LWREW, with the latest records collected in 1992. In addition, groundwater level data are available from five real-time monitoring wells and 34 historical wells within the FCREW. These data sets have been used for several research applications. Plans for detailed groundwater data collection are underway to calibrate and validate the linked Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT)–MODFLOW model. Also, plans are underway to conduct reservoir bathymetric surveys to determine the current reservoir capacity as affected by land use/land cover and overland and stream channel soil erosion.