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Effects of co-inoculation of Bradyrhizobium elkanii BLY3-8 and Streptomyces griseoflavus P4 on Rj4 soybean varieties

Htwe, Aung Zaw, Moh, Seinn Moh, Moe, Kyi, Yamakawa, Takeo
Soil science and plant nutrition 2018 v.64 no.4 pp. 449-454
Bradyrhizobium elkanii, Streptomyces griseoflavus, acetylene reduction, developmental stages, environmental factors, nitrogen fixation, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, nodulation, plant growth, plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria, seed yield, soil, soybeans, synergism
Co-inoculation of selected nitrogen-fixing bacteria with plant growth-promoting bacteria is the promising way for the improvement of soybean production through enhancing plant growth, nodulation, and N₂ fixation. Therefore, this experiment was conducted to study the effects of co-inoculation of Bradyrhizobium elkanii BLY3-8 with Streptomyces griseoflavus P4 on plant growth, nodulation, N₂ fixation, N uptake, and seed yield of Rj₄ soybean varieties. Two experiments with completely randomized design and three replicates were done in this study. N₂-fixation ability of soybean was evaluated by acetylene reduction activity (ARA) and relative ureide method. In the first experiment, synergetic effect in N₂ fixation and nodulation was occurred in co-inoculation treatment (BLY3-8 + P4) in Yezin-3 and Fukuyutaka. Based on these results, co-inoculation effect of BLY3-8 and P4 was assessed on Yezin-3 and Fukuyutaka varieties at three different growth stages, using Futsukaichi soil under natural environmental conditions. This study shows that co-inoculation of BLY3-8 and P4 significantly increased N₂ fixation at V6 stage; plant growth, nodulation, N₂ fixation, and N uptake at R3.5 stage; and shoot growth, N uptake, and seed yield at R8 stage, in Rj₄ soybean varieties compared with the control. Significant difference in plant growth, nodulation, N₂ fixation, N uptake, and yield between co-inoculation and control, not between single inoculation and control, suggests that there is a synergetic effect due to co-inoculation of BLY3-8 and P4.