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Dehydroascorbic acid-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress and leptin resistance in neuronal cells

Thon, Mina, Hosoi, Toru, Ozawa, Koichiro
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2016 v.478 no.2 pp. 716-720
ascorbic acid, dehydroascorbic acid, diabetes, endoplasmic reticulum, endoplasmic reticulum stress, gene expression regulation, genes, human cell lines, humans, leptin, leptin receptors, neurons, obesity, oxidation, pathophysiology, phosphorylation
Due to its anti-obesity effects, an adipocyte-derived hormone, leptin, has become important for the treatment of obesity. However, most obese subjects are in a state of leptin resistance, and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is suggested to be involved in the pathophysiology of leptin resistance. Dehydroascorbic acid (DHAA), an oxidized form of vitamin C, was found to be increased in diabetes. In the present study, we investigated the possible effects of DHAA on the activation of ER stress and leptin resistance. A human neuroblastoma cell line, stably transfected with the Ob-Rb leptin receptor (SH-SY5Y-ObRb), was treated with DHAA. We found that DHAA upregulated ER stress-related genes such as GRP78, CHOP, and spliced XBP1. Moreover, leptin-induced STAT3 phosphorylation was hindered by DHAA. These results suggested that increases in the levels of DHAA might be harmful to neurons, contributing to defective leptin-responsive signaling.