Main content area

Simultaneous efficient removal of oxyfluorfen with electricity generation in a microbial fuel cell and its microbial community analysis

Zhang, Qinghua, Zhang, Lei, Wang, Han, Jiang, Qinrui, Zhu, Xiaoyu
Bioresource technology 2018 v.250 pp. 658-665
Acinetobacter, Arcobacter, Azonexus, Azospirillum, Comamonas, bacteria, biofilm, chloramphenicol, electricity generation, energy recovery, metabolism, microbial communities, microbial fuel cells, oxyfluorfen, p-nitrophenol, pH, pollution, pyraclostrobin, sulfamethoxazole, temperature
The performance of a microbial fuel cell (MFC) to degrade oxyfluorfen was investigated. Approximately 77% of 50 mg/L oxyfluorfen was degraded within 24 h by anodic biofilm. The temperature, pH, and initial oxyfluorfen concentration had a significant effect on oxyfluorfen degrading, and a maximum degradation rate of 94.95% could theoretically be achieved at 31.96 °C, a pH of 7.65, and an initial oxyfluorfen concentration of 120.05 mg/L. Oxyfluorfen was further catabolized through various microbial metabolism pathways. Moreover, the anodic biofilm exhibited multiple catabolic capacities to 4-nitrophenol, chloramphenicol, pyraclostrobin, and sulfamethoxazole. Microbial community analysis indicated that functional bacteria Arcobacter, Acinetobacter, Azospirillum, Azonexus, and Comamonas were the predominant genera in the anodic biofilm. In terms of the efficient removal of various organic compounds and energy recovery, the MFC seemed to be a promising approach for the treatment of environmental contaminants.