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Integrated anaerobic digestion and algae cultivation for energy recovery and nutrient supply from post-hydrothermal liquefaction wastewater

Yang, Libin, Si, Buchun, Tan, Xiaobo, Chu, Huaqiang, Zhou, Xuefei, Zhang, Yuanhui, Zhang, Yalei, Zhao, Fangchao
Bioresource technology 2018 v.266 pp. 349-356
Chlorella vulgaris, activated carbon, algae culture, anaerobic digestion, biomass production, chemical oxygen demand, energy, energy recovery, feedstocks, fermentation, liquefaction, methane, methane production, ozone, sustainable development, wastewater
Post-hydrothermal liquefaction wastewater (PHWW), which contains approximately 80% of original feedstock resources, shows great potential to achieve sustainable development of an environment-enhancing energy system. A combination of anaerobic digestion and algae cultivation was proposed for methane recovery and nutrient supply from PHWW. Granular activated carbon (GAC) and ozone were used to enhance energy recovery from the PHWW. The results indicated that with GAC addition, the maximum methane yield increased by 67.7%–228 mL/g CODremoval. In addition, Chlorella vulgaris displayed optimal growth in a 5-fold diluted digestate with a 2.32 g/L maximum biomass content and 180 mg/(L·d) biomass production rate. The total energy yield was 565 kJ/g COD, which was 27.4 times higher than that without GAC. Integration of anaerobic digestion and algae cultivation, particularly with GAC addition during fermentation, is a feasible and advantageous process for energy recovery from PHWW.