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Electron beam-induced formation of crystalline nanoparticle chains from amorphous cadmium hydroxide nanofibers

Stoychev, Georgi V., Okhrimenko, Denis V., Appelhans, Dietmar, Voit, Brigitte
Journal of colloid and interface science 2016 v.461 pp. 122-127
cadmium, irradiation, lasers, models, nanofibers, nanoparticles, photons, quantum dots, selenium, solar cells, sulfur, tellurium
Quantum dots (QDs) and especially quantum dot arrays have been attracting tremendous attention due to their potential applications in various high-tech devices, including QD lasers, solar cells, single photon emitters, QD memories, etc. Here, a dendrimer-based approach for the controlled synthesis of ultra-thin amorphous cadmium hydroxide nanofibers was developed. The fragmentation of the obtained nanofibers in crystalline nanoparticle chains under the irradiation with electron beam was observed in both ambient and cryo-conditions. Based on the experimental results, a model for the formation of amorphous nanofibers, as well as their transformation in crystalline nanoparticle chains is proposed. We foresee that these properties of the nanofibers, combined with the possibility to convert cadmium hydroxide into CdX (X=O, S, Se, Te), could result in a new method for the preparation of 2D and 3D QDs-arrays with numerous potential applications in high performance devices.