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Aerobic methane oxidation coupled to denitrification in a membrane biofilm reactor: Treatment performance and the effect of oxygen ventilation

Sun, Fei-yun, Dong, Wen-yi, Shao, Ming-fei, Lv, Xiao-mei, Li, Ji, Peng, Liang-yu, Wang, Hong-jie
Bioresource technology 2013 v.145 pp. 2-9
biofilm, denitrification, methane, microorganisms, nitrates, nitrites, oxidation, oxygen, sludge
Aerobic methane-oxidation coupled to denitrification (AME-D) process was successfully achieved in a membrane biofilm reactor (MBfR). PVDF membrane was employed to supply the methane and oxygen for biofilm, which was coexistence of methanotrophs and denitrifier. With a feeding NO3-–N of 30mg/L, up to 97% nitrate could be removed stably. The oxygen ventilation modes impacted the denitrification performance remarkably, resulting in different nitrate removal efficiencies and biofilm microorganism distribution. The biofilm sludge showed a high resistance to the DO inhibition, mainly due to the co-existing methanotroph being capable of utilizing oxygen perferentially within biofilm, and create an anoxic micro-environment. The denitrification of both nitrate and nitrite by biofilm sludge conformed to the Monod equation, and the maximum specific nitrate utilization rate (k) ranged from 1.55 to 1.78 NO3-–N/g VSS-d. The research findings should be significant to understand the considerable potential of MBfR as a bioprocess for denitrification.