U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government


Main content area

Bioactive natural products from fungicolous Hawaiian isolates: secondary metabolites from a Phialemoniopsis sp.

Kaur, Amninder, Rogers, Kristina D., Swenson, Dale E., Dowd, Patrick F., Wicklow, Donald T., Gloer, James B.
Mycology 2014 v.5 no.3 pp. 120-129
X-ray diffraction, bioactive properties, fermentation, fungi, mass spectrometry, new genus, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, secondary metabolites, Hawaii (island)
Chemical investigations of two fungal isolates initially identified as members of the genus Phialemonium are described. Both isolates were obtained as colonists of other fungi collected on the island of Hawaii and were later assigned as P. curvatum . However, P. curvatum has recently been reclassified as a member of a new genus (Phialemoniopsis) and renamed as Phialemoniopsis curvata . Studies of solid–substrate fermentation cultures of one of these isolates afforded an oxirapentyn analogue and destruxin A ₄ as major components, while analysis of the second strain led to the isolation of several simple aromatic metabolites and a compound of mixed biogenetic origin called gabusectin that had previously been reported only in a patent. Structures were assigned mainly by detailed nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry analysis, and those of two of the major components were confirmed by X-ray crystallography. This report constitutes the first description of secondary metabolites from a member of the genus Phialemoniopsis .