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The influence of carbon surface chemistry on supported palladium nanoparticles in heterogeneous reactions

Ding, Yuxiao, Zhang, Liyun, Wu, Kuang-Hsu, Feng, Zhenbao, Shi, Wen, Gao, Qiang, Zhang, Bingsen, Su, Dang Sheng
Journal of colloid and interface science 2016 v.480 pp. 175-183
Suzuki reaction, adsorption, carbon, carbon monoxide, catalysts, graphene oxide, nanoparticles, nitrogen, oxidation, palladium, phenol, physicochemical properties
The surface chemistry of nanocarbon support can tailor chemical properties of precious metal nanoparticle/nanocarbon hybrid catalyst in heterogeneous reactions. We report on modified reduced graphene oxide (rGO) support with ionic liquid-derived carbonaceous surface for palladium nanoparticle (Pd NPs) decoration and their actions in different heterogeneous reactions. The surface chemistry of support materials was characterized in detail, and the influence of which on the formation and distribution of metal particles was further investigated. Three different types of reactions including Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reaction, CO oxidation and phenol reduction were examined in terms of reactivity and selectivity. The roles of substituted nitrogen in graphitic lattice and grafted groups on the carbon surface were exploited. Nitrogen-doping can give rise to changes in electronic properties of supported metals, and the Lewis basicity of the doped nitrogen atoms can favor the adsorption of acidic reactants in phenol reduction. The grafted groups derived a negative impact to the Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reaction, due to the involvement of larger reactant molecules, despite that they could prevent significant sintering of Pd NPs in the CO oxidation.