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Facile synthesis of birnessite-type manganese oxide nanoparticles as supercapacitor electrode materials

Liu, Lihu, Luo, Yao, Tan, Wenfeng, Zhang, Yashan, Liu, Fan, Qiu, Guohong
Journal of colloid and interface science 2016 v.482 pp. 183-192
ambient temperature, birnessite, capacitance, electrochemistry, electrodes, hydrochloric acid, hydroxylamine, manganese, manganese oxides, nanoparticles, oxidation, porosity, potassium, potassium permanganate, surface area
Manganese oxides are environmentally benign supercapacitor electrode materials and, in particular, birnessite-type structure shows very promising electrochemical performance. In this work, nanostructured birnessite was facilely prepared by adding dropwise NH2OH·HCl to KMnO4 solution under ambient temperature and pressure. In order to fully exploit the potential of birnessite-type manganese oxide electrode materials, the effects of specific surface area, pore size, content of K⁺, and manganese average oxidation state (Mn AOS) on their electrochemical performance were studied. The results showed that with the increase of NH2OH·HCl, the Mn AOS decreased and the corresponding pore sizes and specific surface area of birnessite increased. The synthesized nanostructured birnessite showed the highest specific capacitance of 245Fg⁻¹ at a current density of 0.1Ag⁻¹ within a potential range of 0–0.9V, and excellent cycle stability with a capacitance retention rate of 92% after 3000 cycles at a current density of 1.0Ag⁻¹. The present work implies that specific capacitance is mainly affected by specific surface area and pore volume, and provides a new method for the facile preparation of birnessite-type manganese oxide with excellent capacitive performance.