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Highly selective and sensitive response of 30.5 % of sprayed molybdenum trioxide (MoO3) nanobelts for nitrogen dioxide (NO2) gas detection

Mane, A.A., Suryawanshi, M.P., Kim, J.H., Moholkar, A.V.
Journal of colloid and interface science 2016 v.483 pp. 220-231
X-ray diffraction, ammonia, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, crystal structure, gases, glass, hydrogen sulfide, models, molybdenum, nitrogen dioxide, pyrolysis, scanning electron microscopy, sulfur dioxide, surface roughness, temperature
The molybdenum trioxide (MoO3) thin films have been successfully deposited onto the glass substrates using chemical spray pyrolysis (CSP) deposition technique at various substrate temperatures ranging from 300°C to 450°C with an interval of 50°C. The effect of substrate temperature on the structural, morphological, optical and gas sensing properties of MoO3 thin films has been thoroughly investigated. X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that all the films have an orthorhombic crystal structure and are polycrystalline in nature. FE-SEM micrographs depict the formation of nanobelts-like morphology. AFM study reveals that the RMS surface roughness of MoO3 thin films increases from 8.6nm to 12nm with increase in substrate temperature from 300°C to 400°C and then decreases to 11.5nm for substrate temperature of 450°C. Optical results show that the band gap of MoO3 thin films decreases from 3.92eV to 3.44eV. The selectivity studies show that the gas response of various gases varies as NH3<SO2<CO2<CO<H2S<NO2. Moreover, typical MoO3 film deposited at substrate temperature of 400°C is highly selective and sensitive for detection of NO2 gas in comparison with other gases. The maximum response of 30.5 % is obtained towards 100ppm NO2 gas concentration at an operating temperature of 200°C with response and recovery times of 20s and 160s, respectively. Finally, NO2 gas sensing mechanism model based on the chemisorption process is discussed.