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The rising star of high-oleic Virginia peanuts: A summary of data supporting the release of 'VENUS'

Author:
Chamberlin, Kelly D., Bennett, Rebecca S., Damicone, John P., Godsey, Chad B., Melouk, Hassan A.
Source:
Partners in Progress – Peanut Research at Oklahoma State University 2015 v.P-1044 pp. 19-25
Subject:
Sclerotinia, blight, breeding, crop yield, cultivars, disease incidence, disease resistance, peanuts, research institutions, Oklahoma, Southwestern United States, Virginia
Abstract:
'VENUS' is a large-seeded high-oleic Virginia-type peanut that has enhanced Sclerotinia blight and pod rot tolerance when compared to the cultivar Jupiter. 'VENUS' is the first high-oleic Virginia peanut developed for and proposed for release in the Southwestern US. 'VENUS' (experimental designation ARSOK-V30B) is the result of a cross between the cultivar Jupiter, a non high-oleic Virginia peanut released by the Oklahoma Agricultural Experiment Station in 2000, and ARSOK-R2, a high-oleic advanced breeding line. Tests conducted in three locations across Oklahoma in 2012-2014 showed there was no significant difference between the yields of 'VENUS' and Jupiter. However, 'VENUS' graded significantly higher than Jupiter in two out of three locations. 'VENUS' also consistently exhibited less incidence of Sclerotinia blight (61% less) and pod rot (70% less) when compared to Jupiter. The purpose for releasing 'VENUS' is to provide peanut producers in the Southwestern US with its first high-oleic Virginia peanut, developed specifically for that region, with enhanced grade and disease resistance when compared to Jupiter.
Agid:
60636