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Adsorption of Maleic Acid Monomer on the Surface of Hydroxyapatite and TiO2: A Pathway toward Biomaterial Composites

Albert, Mitchell, Clifford, Amanda, Zhitomirsky, Igor, Rubel, Oleg
ACS applied materials & interfaces 2018 v.10 no.29 pp. 24382-24391
adsorption, biobased products, body fluids, chemical bonding, coatings, composite films, composite polymers, corrosion, electrophoresis, hydroxyapatite, maleic acid, solvents, titanium dioxide
Poly(styrene-alt-maleic acid) adsorption on hydroxyapatite and TiO₂ (rutile) was studied using experimental techniques and complemented by ab initio simulations of adsorption of a maleic acid segment as a subunit of the copolymer. Ab initio calculations suggest that the maleic acid segment forms a strong covalent bonding to the TiO₂ and hydroxyapatite surfaces. If compared to vacuum, the presence of a solvent significantly reduces the adsorption strength as the polarity of the solvent increases. The results of first-principles calculations are confirmed by the experimental measurements. We found that the adsorbed poly(styrene-alt-maleic acid) allowed efficient dispersion of rutile and formation of films by the electrophoretic deposition. Moreover, rutile can be codispersed and codeposited with hydroxyapatite to form composite films. The coatings showed an enhanced corrosion protection of metallic implants in simulated body fluid solutions, which opens new avenues for the synthesis, dispersion, and colloidal processing of advanced composite materials for biomedical applications.