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Graphene Oxide-Assisted Accumulation and Layer-by-Layer Assembly of Antibacterial Peptide for Sustained Release Applications

Cao, Meiwen, Zhao, Wenjing, Wang, Lei, Li, Ruiheng, Gong, Haoning, Zhang, Yu, Xu, Hai, Lu, Jian Ren
ACS applied materials & interfaces 2018 v.10 no.29 pp. 24937-24946
antimicrobial peptides, bacteria, coatings, drugs, esters, graphene, graphene oxide
Fabrication of antibacterial materials with sustained release of active components is of great importance for long-term antibacterial applications. Graphene oxide (GO) has been found to be an excellent carrier for accumulating the antibacterial peptide of G(IIKK)₄I-NH₂ and mediating its loading into the layer-by-layer (LBL) films for sustained release applications. G(IIKK)₄I-NH₂ takes random coiled conformation in monomeric state below 0.17 mM but self-assembles into supramolecular aggregates with α-helical secondary structure at higher concentrations. It can bind onto GO surface in both monomeric and aggregate states to form stable GO@G(IIKK)₄I-NH₂ composites. Upon binding, the local amphiphilic environment of GO surface induces a conformational transition of G(IIKK)₄I-NH₂ monomers from random coils to α-helix. The aggregate binding enhances the loading amount greatly. GO (1 mg) can load as high as 1.7 mg of peptide at saturation. This enables the GO@G(IIKK)₄I-NH₂ composites to serve as reservoirs for sustained release of active G(IIKK)₄I-NH₂ monomers. Moreover, G(IIKK)₄I-NH₂ itself shows low efficiency in LBL assembly, whereas the GO@G(IIKK)₄I-NH₂ composites are ideal LBL assembling units with highly enhanced loading efficiency of G(IIKK)₄I-NH₂. The LBL films involving degradable poly(β-amino esters) can realize sustained release of G(IIKK)₄I-NH₂ for bacteria killing in a well-controlled manner. This study demonstrates an efficient strategy for fabrication of long-durable antibacterial materials and surface coatings by using GO as the carrier for drug accumulation and loading.