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Effects of the morphology of sediment-transporting channels on the erosion and deposition of debris flows
- He, Songtang, Wang, Daojie, Chang, Shiqiu, Fang, Yingchao, Lan, Huijuan
- Environmental earth sciences 2018 v.77 no.14 pp. 544
- mass movement, risk assessment, stream channels
- A series experiments are conducted to investigate the effects of streambed profile on the erosion and deposition of debris flows. It is found that straight channel can increase the run out of debris flows by 10–25%, compared to that of surfaces without channels, and that travel distance was positively correlated with the hydraulic radius of the channel. In addition, the presence of straight channels caused the volume of debris flow deposition to become normally distributed with respect to travel distance. In the case of curved channels, increases in the sinuosity index resulted in significant blockage and obstruction. In the deposition zone, the maximum deposition volume for a channel with a comparatively low sinuosity index (1.05) was < 50% of the minimum deposition volume for a straight channel. Furthermore, the channel curvature affected not only the positions of deposition peaks along the travel distance but also the debris flow magnitudes in each unit interval (0.5 m). This study demonstrates the effects of differences in channel morphology on the erosional and depositional processes of gully debris flows. These findings are of significant importance for guiding debris flow risk assessment and for the restoration and reconstruction of downstream regions.