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Actual solubility (S|real.|), level of hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLBRequ., HLBD, HLBG) and partition coefficient (log P) of phytochemicals contained in Ext. Camellia sinensis L. aqu. siccum in the light of general Hildebrand-Scatchard-Fedors theory of solubility

Author:
Marczyński, Zbigniew, Skibska, Beata, Nowak, Sławomira, Jambor, Jerzy, Zgoda, Marian Mikołaj
Source:
Herba Polonica 2018 v.64 no.2 pp. 46-59
ISSN:
2449-8343
Subject:
Camellia sinensis, chemical constituents of plants, drug formulations, equations, ethanol, green tea, leaves, medicinal properties, solubility, thermodynamics
Abstract:
Introduction: Using the general Hildebrand-Scatchard-Fedors theory of solubility, the mole fraction (x₂) of solubility of phytochemicals contained in the dry green tea leaves was calculated which determines the profile of pharmacological activity. Objective: The applicative purpose of the study was to estimate the actual solubility of phytochemicals – S|ᵣₑₐₗ.| [mol/dm³] in water and in water-ethanol solutions of diversified polarity (εM) for their selective extraction and optimal formulation of oral solid dosage form. Methods: The basic physico-chemical and structural quantities of phytochemicals and corresponding mathematical equations of general Hildebrand-Scatchard-Fedors theory of solubility were used to calculate the actual solubility – S|ᵣₑₐₗ.| and the level of hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLB). Results: The calculated actual solubility values – S|real.| [mol/dm³] collated with correlation equations enabled the assessment of phytochemical capability for the process of mass exchange on phase boundary. Correlation equations for the dependence log P = f (– log S|ᵣₑₐₗ.|) point to the structural preferences of phytochemicals in the kinetics of the mass exchange (diffusion) through the natural phase boundary. Conclusions: Calculations and correlations between the values characterizing the actual solubility – S|ᵣₑₐₗ.|, media polarity (water, ethanol and their solutions) and the partition coefficient (log P) including the level of hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLB) show that basing on thermodynamic components of the general Hildebrand-Scatchard-Fedors theory of solubility, the diffusion profile of phytochemicals contained in the green tea extract (Ext. Camellia sinensis L. aqu. siccum) through the biological phase boundary as well as optimal choice of the extraction medium for selective extraction of the class of phytochemicals can be estimated.
Agid:
6067071