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The reproductive strategies of clausiliid land snails from Northern Vietnam (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora)
- Sulikowska-Drozd, Anna, Chiżyńska, Agata, Maltz, Tomasz K.
- Journal of natural history 2018 v.52 no.27-28 pp. 1785-1799
- Stylommatophora, eggs, hatching, neonates, snails, Vietnam
- Under laboratory conditions we scrutinized the reproduction and development of two clausiliid land snail species from northern Vietnam: Phaedusa paviei (Morlet, 1892) and Oospira vanbuensis (Bavay and Dautzenberg, 1899). These species, very similar in shell size and shape, feature different reproductive modes. The former is viviparous, giving birth to one or two neonates on a single occasion, with the number of developing embryos retained in the reproductive tract ranging from 1 to 11. The embryonic shells are 1.8–4.7 mm in height. The latter species is oviparous and produces eggs in clutches (four to six per clutch). Hatching occurs 18–21 days after egg-laying. Both species exhibit a similar growth pattern: the ultimate shell size is attained after 6.5–8.5 months and reproduction starts 5–7 months later. The distribution of viviparous reproduction among the Phaedusinae and its taxonomic importance are discussed.