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Sustainable saffron (Crocus sativus) production as influenced by FYM and potassium management under rainfed conditions of Kashmir

Kirmani, N. A., Sofi, J. A., Wani, M. A., Bhat, M. A.
Acta horticulturae 2018 no.1200 pp. 89-94
Crocus sativus, animal manures, corms, potassium, saffron, India
The results revealed that, the maximum yield on dry weight basis (2.51, 2.64 and 2.78 kg ha-1) was recorded with the application of potassium at 120 kg ha-1, FYM at 60 t ha-1 and their interaction. The corresponding increases over their respective controls (2.20, 2.03 and 1.86 kg ha-1) were 14.09, 30.05 and 49.46% respectively. Their effect on corm number of different grades was also observed, the maximum corm number of 141,000, 130,000 and 556,000 ha-1 in three size grades (>15 g, 8-15 g and <8 g) was recorded with potassium application of 120 kg ha-1, the increase over their respective control (670,000, 63,000 and 329,000 ha-1 was 110, 106 and 69%, respectively. The maximum corm number (151,000, 141,000 and 614,000 ha-1) was recorded with the application of FYM at 60 t ha-1 and the corresponding increase over their controls (46,000, 43,000 and 219,000 ha-1) was recorded to be 228, 227 and 180%, respectively. Their interaction effect was also found statistically significant and the highest corm number of 216,000, 200,000 and 728,000 ha-1 was recorded with the highest application of both, and the increase over their respective controls (34,000, 31,000 and 158,000 ha-1) was 535, 545 and 360%.