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Add-on therapy with anagliptin in Japanese patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus treated with metformin and miglitol can maintain higher concentrations of biologically active GLP-1/total GIP and a lower concentration of leptin

Author:
Osonoi, Takeshi, Saito, Miyoko, Hariya, Natsuyo, Goto, Moritaka, Mochizuki, Kazuki
Source:
Peptides 2016 v.86 pp. 118-125
ISSN:
0196-9781
Subject:
alpha-glucosidase, enzyme inhibitors, gastric inhibitory polypeptide, glucagon-like peptide 1, glycemic control, hyperglycemia, insulin secretion, leptin, metformin, noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, obesity, patients, therapeutics
Abstract:
Metformin, α-glucosidase inhibitors (α-GIs), and dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitors (DPP-4Is) reduce hyperglycemia without excessive insulin secretion, and enhance postprandial plasma concentration of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) in type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. We assessed add-on therapeutic effects of DPP-4I anagliptin in Japanese T2DM patients treated with metformin, an α-GI miglitol, or both drugs on postprandial responses of GLP-1 and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), and on plasma concentration of the appetite-suppressing hormone leptin. Forty-two Japanese T2DM patients with inadequately controlled disease (HbA1c: 6.5%–8.0%) treated with metformin (n=14), miglitol (n=14) or a combination of the two drugs (n=14) received additional treatment with anagliptin (100mg, p.o., b.i.d.) for 52 weeks. We assessed glycemic control, postprandial responses of GLP-1 and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), and on plasma concentration of leptin in those patients. Add-on therapy with anagliptin for 52 weeks improved glycemic control and increased the area under the curve of biologically active GLP-1 concentration without altering obesity indicators. Total GIP concentration at 52 weeks was reduced by add-on therapy in groups treated with miglitol compared with those treated with metformin. Add-on therapy reduced leptin concentrations. Add-on therapy with anagliptin in Japanese T2DM patients treated with metformin and miglitol for 52 weeks improved glycemic control and enhanced postprandial concentrations of active GLP-1/total GIP, and reduce the leptin concentration.
Agid:
6068444