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Characterization of Rice Blast Resistance Gene Pi61(t) in Rice Germplasm

Ma Jianbing, Jia M. H., Jia Y.
Plant disease 2014 v.98 no.9 pp. 1200-1204
Magnaporthe oryzae, alleles, blast disease, chromosome mapping, cultivars, disease resistance, genetic markers, germplasm, greenhouses, heterozygosity, inbred lines, microsatellite repeats, quantitative trait loci, races, rice, United States
Identification of resistance (R) genes to races of Magnaporthe oryzae in rice (Oryza sativa) germplasm is essential for the development of rice cultivars with long-lasting blast resistance. In the present study, one major quantitative trait locus, qPi93-3, was fine mapped using a recombinant inbred line (RIL), F₈ RIL171, derived from the cross between ‘Nipponbare’ and ‘93-11’. RIL171 contained a heterozygous qPi93-3 allele which was found to be resistant against nine U.S. common races—ID1, IA1, IB49, IE1, IA45, IB1, IC17, IB45, and IH1—of M. oryzae. An F₂ mapping population consisting of 2,381 individuals derived from RIL171 was evaluated with a field isolate (race) ARB82 (IA1) of M. oryzae under greenhouse conditions. Disease reaction of a resistant/susceptible ratio of 3:1 was identified with F₂:F₃ families. In total, 12 simple sequence repeat markers spanning qPi93-3 were used for fine mapping. Consequently, qPi93-3 was delimited to 4.2 Mb between RM3246 and RM7102. Three insertion-deletion (InDel) markers located between RM3246 and RM7102, that had previously used to map Pi61(t), showed that qPi93-3 was Pi61(t). The existence of Pi61(t) in 136 rice germplasm lines from the United States Department of Agriculture rice core collection was evaluated using Pi61(t)-specific InDel markers. Pi61(t) was identified as a source of resistance in 5 of the 136 lines. The characterized germplasm will be useful for rice breeders to use for improving blast resistance.