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An innovative zinc oxide-coated zeolite adsorbent for removal of humic acid

Wang, Lingling, Han, Changseok, Nadagouda, Mallikarjuna N., Dionysiou, Dionysios D.
Journal of hazardous materials 2016 v.313 pp. 283-290
X-ray diffraction, adsorbents, adsorption, aqueous solutions, electrostatic interactions, humic acids, ions, moieties, nitrates, nitric acid, porosimetry, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, zeolites, zinc, zinc oxide
Zinc oxide (ZnO)-coated zeolite adsorbents were developed by both nitric acid modification and Zn(NO3)2·6H2O functionalization of zeolite 4A. The developed adsorbents were used for the removal of humic acid (HA) from aqueous solutions. The synthesized materials were characterized by porosimetry analysis, scanning electron microscopy, X-Ray diffraction analysis, and high resolution transmission electron microscopy. The maximum adsorption capacity of the adsorbents at 21±1°C was about 60mgCg⁻¹. The results showed that the positive charge density of ZnO-coated zeolite adsorbents was proportional to the amount of ZnO coated on zeolite and thus, ZnO-coated zeolite adsorbents exhibited a greater affinity for negatively charged ions. Furthermore, the adsorption capacity of ZnO-coated zeolite adsorbents increased markedly after acid modification. Adsorption experiments demonstrated ZnO-coated zeolite adsorbents possessed high adsorption capacity to remove HA from aqueous solutions mainly due to strong electrostatic interactions between negative functional groups of HA and the positive charges of ZnO-coated zeolite adsorbents.