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Low dose perfluorooctanoate exposure promotes cell proliferation in a human non-tumor liver cell line

Zhang, Hongxia, Cui, Ruina, Guo, Xuejiang, Hu, Jiayue, Dai, Jiayin
Journal of hazardous materials 2016 v.313 pp. 18-28
apoptosis, cell cycle checkpoints, cell proliferation, hepatocytes, hepatotoxicity, human cell lines, humans, interphase, liver, monitoring, perfluorooctanoic acid, protein synthesis, proteins, wildlife
Perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) is a well-known persistent organic pollutant widely found in the environment, wildlife and humans. Medical surveillance and experimental studies have investigated the potential effects of PFOA on human livers, but the hepatotoxicity of PFOA on humans and its underlying mechanism remain to be clarified. We exposed a human liver cell line (HL-7702) to 50μM PFOA for 48h and 96h, and identified 111 significantly differentially expressed proteins by iTRAQ analysis. A total of 46 proteins were related to cell proliferation and apoptosis. Through further analysis of the cell cycle, apoptosis and their related proteins, we found that low doses of PFOA (50–100μM) promoted cell proliferation and numbers by promoting cells from the G1 to S phases, whereas high doses of PFOA (200–400μM) led to reduced HL-7702 cell numbers compared with that of the control mainly due to cell cycle arrest in the G0/G1 phase. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the promotion of cell cycle progression in human cells following PFOA exposure.