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Experimental study of fry-drying and melting system for industrial wastewater sludge

Chae, Jong-Seong, Choi, Su-Ah, Kim, Young-Hyo, Oh, Sae-Cheon, Ryu, Chang-Kook, Ohm, Tae-In
Journal of hazardous materials 2016 v.313 pp. 78-84
cadmium, chromium, copper, crystal structure, energy content, furnaces, heavy metals, hydrogen cyanide, industrial effluents, industrial sites, lead, melting, mercury, refuse derived fuels, sewage sludge, silica, slags, vitrification, water content, South Korea
In South Korea, ocean dumping of organic sludges has been prohibited by the London Convention and by Korean regulations. Therefore, the Government of South Korea has sought an alternative process for the disposal of organic sludges. Recently, the combined fry-drying and melting system has been recognized as an efficient way to utilize the energy content of organic industrial sludge. Three kinds of fry-dried industrial sludges (obtained from industrial sites DG, DJ and GM), which had average heating value of 20,470kJ/kg and less than 5% water content, were tested. Unlike sewage sludge, industrial sludge contains high concentrations of heavy metals and thus cannot be directly utilized as refuse-derived fuel. The dried sludges were melted in a furnace and then rapidly cooled to form vitrified slags; the vitrification of SiO2 securely encapsulates hazardous heavy metals within the crystalline structure of the slag. To evaluate the hazard of vitrified slag, the heavy metal elution concentration was analyzed. Following vitrification, Hg, Cd, Cr⁺⁶, HCN and Pb concentrations were not detectable, whereas Cu concentration decreased from 26.78mg/L to 0.42mg/L in DJ sludge, from 27.10mg/L to 0.13mg/L in DG and from 49.47mg/L to 0.047mg/L in GM sludge.