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Comprehensive insights into microcystin-LR effects on hepatic lipid metabolism using cross-omics technologies

Zhang, Zongyao, Zhang, Xu-Xiang, Wu, Bing, Yin, Jinbao, Yu, Yunjiang, Yang, Liuyan
Journal of hazardous materials 2016 v.315 pp. 126-134
Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, abdominal fat, biochemical pathways, biosynthesis, blood serum, gene expression regulation, gene overexpression, intestinal microorganisms, lipid metabolism, lipid metabolism disorders, liver, metabolites, metabolomics, metagenomics, mice, microbial communities, microcystin-LR, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors, signal transduction, transcriptome, transcriptomics, triacylglycerols, unsaturated fatty acids, vacuoles, very low density lipoprotein
Microcystin-LR (MC-LR) can induce hepatic tissue damages and molecular toxicities, but its effects on lipid metabolism remain unknown. This study investigated the effects of MC-LR exposure on mice lipid metabolism and uncovered the underlying mechanism through metabonomic, transcriptomic and metagenomic analyses after administration of mice with MC-LR by gavage for 28 d. Increased liver weight and abdominal fat weight, and evident hepatic lipid vacuoles accumulation were observed in the mice fed with 0.2mg/kg/d MC-LR. Serum nuclear magnetic resonance analysis showed that MC-LR treatment altered the levels of serum metabolites including triglyceride, unsaturated fatty acid (UFA) and very low density lipoprotein. Digital Gene Expression technology was used to reveal differential expression of hepatic transcriptomes, demonstrating that MC-LR treatment disturbed hepatic UFA biosynthesis and activated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) signaling pathways via PparĪ³, Fabp1 and Fabp2 over-expression. Metagenomic analyses of gut microbiota revealed that MC-LR exposure also increased abundant ratio of Firmicutes vs. Bacteroidetes in gut and altered biosynthetic pathways of various microbial metabolic and pro-inflammatory molecules. In conclusion, oral MC-LR exposure can induce hepatic lipid metabolism disorder mediated by UFA biosynthesis and PPAR activation, and gut microbial community shift may play an important role in the metabolic disturbance.