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Characterization of pyrolysis products produced from different Nordic biomass types in a cyclone pilot plant

Johansson, Ann-Christine, Wiinikka, Henrik, Sandström, Linda, Marklund, Magnus, Öhrman, Olov G.W., Narvesjö, Jimmy
Fuel processing technology 2016 v.146 pp. 9-19
Phalaris arundinacea, aerosols, bark, biomass, chemical composition, energy, feedstocks, forests, fractionation, fuels, lignin, oils, plant residues, pyrolysis, stemwood, temperature
Pyrolysis is a promising thermochemical technology for converting biomass to energy, chemicals and/or fuels. The objective of the present paper was to characterize fast pyrolysis products and to study pyrolysis oil fractionation. The products were obtained from different Nordic forest and agricultural feedstocks in a pilot scale cyclone pyrolysis plant at three different reactor temperatures. The results show that the main elements (C, H and O) and chemical compositions of the products produced from stem wood, willow, forest residue and reed canary grass are in general terms rather similar, while the products obtained from bark differ to some extent. The oil produced from bark had a higher H/Ceff ratio and heating value which can be correlated to a higher amount of pyrolytic lignin and extractives when compared with oils produced from the other feedstocks. Regardless of the original feedstock, the composition of the different pyrolysis oil fractions (condensed and aerosol) differs significantly from each other. However this opens up the possibility to use specifically selected fractions in targeted applications. An increased reactor temperature generally results in a higher amount of water and water insoluble material, primarily as small lignin derived oligomers, in the produced oil.