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Anisotropic Electrowetting on Wrinkled Surfaces: Enhanced Wetting and Dependency on Initial Wetting State

Parihar, Vartika, Bandyopadhyay, Saumyadwip, Das, Soumen, Dasgupta, Sunando
Langmuir 2018 v.34 no.5 pp. 1844-1854
anisotropy, droplets, topography
Electrowetting on dielectric (EWOD) on unidirectional microstructured surfaces has recently evoked significant interest as they can modulate the effect of electrowetting, and can thus find applications in directional wetting in microfluidic systems. However, the dependency of such EW phenomenon on their initial state of wetting and anisotropy is far from being well understood. The current study addresses the initial wetting states and their implication on the anisotropic electrowetting using a wrinkled EWOD platform. Herein we demonstrate a facile stampless and maskless structure generation technique to fabricate wrinkles of varying topography. Further, we have demonstrated alteration in the interfacial wetting conditions by modulating the wrinkle topography, and its effect on the droplet behavior during electrowetting. The capillary wicking-assisted electrowetting on these wrinkled surfaces is in specific direction dictated by the ordered wrinkles and prompts enhanced spreading of the droplet. We also demonstrate that while the enhancement of unidirectional electrowetting is stronger in conformal wetting state surfaces, composite wetting state surfaces depict a reversal in anisotropy.