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Gold/Periodic Mesoporous Organosilicas with Controllable Mesostructure by Using Compressed CO2
- Huang, Xin, Zhang, Mengnan, Wang, Meijin, Li, Wei, Wang, Cheng, Hou, Xiaojian, Luan, Sen, Wang, Qian
- Langmuir 2018 v.34 no.12 pp. 3642-3653
- X-ray diffraction, active sites, adsorption, aqueous solutions, carbon dioxide, catalytic activity, composite materials, foams, gold, nanogold, nanotubes, nitrogen, organosilicon compounds, p-nitrophenol, porous media, silica, thermal stability, transmission electron microscopy
- Gold nanoparticles confined into the walls of periodic mesoporous organosilicas (PMOs) with controllable morphology have been successfully fabricated through a one-pot method by using different CO₂ pressures. The synthesis can be easily conducted in a mixed aqueous solution by using HAuCl₄ as gold source and bis[3-(triethoxysilyl)propyl] tetrasulfide and tetramethoxysilane as the organosilica precursor. P123 and compressed CO₂ served as the template and catalytic/regulative agent, respectively. Transmission electron microscopy, N₂ adsorption, and X-ray diffraction were employed to characterize the structure of the obtained composite materials. To further investigate the formation mechanism, a series of ordered PMOs with one-dimensional nanotube, two-dimensional hexagonal, vesicle-like, and cellular foam structures were obtained by using different CO₂ pressures without the gold source. The mechanism for mesostructure evolution of PMOs with different CO₂ pressures was proposed and discussed in detail. The catalytic performance of Au-based PMOs was evaluated for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP). These obtained composites with different mesostructures not only exhibit excellent catalytic activity, high conversion rate, and remarkable thermal stability, but they also exhibit morphology-dependent reaction properties in the reduction of 4-NP. The possible reaction pathway of the reactants to embedded Au active sites was proposed and schemed.