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Magnetically Separable Nanocatalyst with the Fe3O4 Core and Polydopamine-Sandwiched Au Nanocrystal Shell

Zhang, Jianfeng, Fang, Qunling, Duan, Jinyu, Xu, Hongmei, Xu, Huajian, Xuan, Shouhu
Langmuir 2018 v.34 no.14 pp. 4298-4306
catalytic activity, gold, iron oxides, magnetism, nanocomposites, nanocrystals, nanogold, p-nitrophenol, silver
This work reports a novel Fe₃O₄@polydopamine/Au/polydopamine core/shell nanocomposite toward a magnetically separable nanocatalyst. Because the polydopamine (PDA) layer-sandwiched Au nanocrystals were prepared by a layer-by-layer method, the content of Au could be controlled by varying the Au shell number (such as burger-like Fe₃O₄@PDA/Au/PDA/Au/PDA). Fe₃O₄@PDA/Au/PDA exhibited excellent catalytic activity in reducing p-nitrophenol because the substrate could penetrate the PDA shell. Owing to the protection of the PDA shell, Fe₃O₄@PDA/Au/PDA presented higher cyclability than Fe₃O₄@PDA/Au. The activity of Fe₃O₄@PDA/Au/PDA maintained 95% after 7 cycles, while that of Fe₃O₄@PDA/Au was only 61%. The detailed cycling catalytic mechanism was investigated, and it was found that the catalytic rate of Fe₃O₄@PDA/Au/PDA/Au/PDA was faster than that of Fe₃O₄@PDA/Au/PDA because of the higher Au content. Interestingly, this method could be extended for other magnetic nanocomposites with two different kinds of noble metal nanocrystals integrated within one particle, such as Fe₃O₄@PDA/Au/PDA/Ag/PDA and Fe₃O₄@PDA/Au/PDA/Pd/PDA.