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Multifunctional Surface Modification of Nanodiamonds Based on Dopamine Polymerization

Zeng, Yun, Liu, Wenyan, Wang, Zheyu, Singamaneni, Srikanth, Wang, Risheng
Langmuir 2018 v.34 no.13 pp. 4036-4042
DNA, adhesion, catalytic activity, dopamine, drugs, moieties, nanodiamonds, nanoparticles, nanorods, nanosilver, nucleic acid hybridization, p-nitrophenol, polymerization, therapeutics
Surface functionalization of nanodiamonds (NDs), which is of great interest in advanced material and therapeutic applications, requires the immobilization of functional species, such as nucleic acids, bioprobes, drugs, and metal nanoparticles, onto NDs’ surfaces to form stable nanoconjugates. However, it is still challenging to modify the surface of NDs due to the complexity of their surface chemistry and the low density of each functional group on the surfaces of NDs. In this work, we demonstrate a general applicable surface functionalization approach for the preparation of ND-based core–shell nanoconjugates using dopamine polymerization. By taking advantage of the universal adhesion and versatile reactivity of polydopamine, we have effectively conjugated DNA and silver nanoparticles onto NDs. Moreover, the catalytic activity of ND-supported silver nanoparticle was characterized by the reduction of 4-nitrophenol, and the addressability of NDs was tested through DNA hybridization that formed satellite ND–gold nanorod conjugation. This simple and robust method we have presented may significantly improve the capability for attaching various functionalities onto NDs and open up new platforms for applications of NDs.