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Aqueous Assembly of Oxide and Fluoride Nanoparticles into 3D Microassemblies
- Cui, Shanying, Guan, Xin N., Ghantous, Eliana, Vajo, John J., Lucas, Matthew, Hsiao, Ming-Siao, Drummy, Lawrence F., Collins, Joshua, Juhl, Abigail, Roper, Christopher S., Gross, Adam F.
- Langmuir 2018 v.34 no.27 pp. 8075-8080
- fluorides, iron oxides, ligands, nanoparticles, nanorods, oxides, pH, sulfides, yttrium
- We demonstrate rapid [∼mm³/(h·L)] organic ligand-free self-assembly of three-dimensional, >50 μm single-domain microassemblies containing up to 10⁷ individual aligned nanoparticles through a scalable aqueous process. Organization and alignment of aqueous solution-dispersed nanoparticles are induced by decreasing their pH-dependent surface charge without organic ligands, which could be temperature-sensitive or infrared light absorbing. This process is exhibited by transforming both dispersed iron oxide hydroxide nanorods and lithium yttrium fluoride nanoparticles into high packing density microassemblies. The approach is generalizable to nanomaterials with pH-dependent surface charge (e.g., oxides, fluorides, and sulfides) for applications requiring long-range alignment of nanostructures as well as high packing density.