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Fouling Behavior of Polyphenols during Model Juice Ultrafiltration: Effect of Membrane Properties

Cai, Ming, Lv, Yuqing, Luo, Shaolei, Liu, Yuanshuai, Sun, Peilong
Food and bioprocess technology 2018 v.11 no.9 pp. 1787-1793
active ingredients, adsorption, contact angle, fouling, fruit juices, human health, hydrophobicity, models, molecular weight, polyphenols, quantitative structure-activity relationships, scanning electron microscopy, thermoplastics, ultrafiltration, zeta potential
Fruit juice is a complex mixture, in which polyphenols are active compounds for human health. In this paper, the effects of membrane properties, such as materials and molecular weight cutoff (MWCO), on fouling behavior of four typical polyphenols in model fruit juice ultrafiltration process were investigated. Zeta potential, contact angle, SEM image, and fouling resistances were determined. Static adsorption and rejection content of polyphenols on membranes were measured. Quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) model has been developed to demonstrate the relationships between rejection and molecular parameters. Results showed that materials, MWCOs, hydrophobic properties, electrical parameters, and molecular parameters are critical factors. Membranes which were hydrophobic and positively charged have higher permeate flux and lower fouling resistance. Polyphenols were adsorbed by membranes as irreversible fouling and also had an important contribution in cake layer fouling. Retention of polyphenols on polyethersulfon 5-kDa membrane was the largest, while that on PVDF 50-kDa membrane was the least. According to QSAR analysis, rejections of polyphenols were higher when the molecules have smaller dipole moment, larger connectivity index ³Xₚᵛ, and smaller ⁴Xₚcᵛ.