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Mixture-based clustering for the ordered stereotype model

Fernández, D., Arnold, R., Pledger, S.
Computational statistics & data analysis 2016 v.93 pp. 46-75
algorithms, data collection, models, multivariate analysis
Many of the methods which deal with the reduction of dimensionality in matrices of data are based on mathematical techniques such as distance-based algorithms or matrix decomposition and eigenvalues. Recently a group of likelihood-based finite mixture models for a data matrix with binary or count data, using basic Bernoulli or Poisson building blocks has been developed. This is extended and establishes likelihood-based multivariate methods for a data matrix with ordinal data which applies fuzzy clustering via finite mixtures to the ordered stereotype model. Model-fitting is performed using the expectation–maximization (EM) algorithm, and a fuzzy allocation of rows, columns, and rows and columns simultaneously to corresponding clusters is obtained. A simulation study is presented which includes a variety of scenarios in order to test the reliability of the proposed model. Finally, the results of the application of the model in two real data sets are shown.