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Exact computation of the halfspace depth
- Dyckerhoff, Rainer, Mozharovskyi, Pavlo
- Computational statistics & data analysis 2016 v.98 pp. 19-30
- For computing the exact value of the halfspace depth of a point w.r.t. a data cloud of n points in arbitrary dimension, a theoretical framework is suggested. Based on this framework a whole class of algorithms can be derived. In all of these algorithms the depth is calculated as the minimum over a finite number of depth values w.r.t. proper projections of the data cloud. Three variants of this class are studied in more detail. All of these algorithms are capable of dealing with data that are not in general position and even with data that contain ties. As is shown by simulations, all proposed algorithms prove to be very efficient.