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Regeneration capacity from buds on roots and rhizomes in five herbaceous perennials as affected by time of fragmentation

Liew, J., Andersson, L., Boström, U., Forkman, J., Hakman, I., Magnuski, E.
Plant ecology 2013 v.214 no.10 pp. 1199-1209
Cirsium arvense, Elymus repens subsp. repens, Equisetum arvense, Sonchus arvensis, Tussilago farfara, buds, control methods, herbaceous plants, models, perennial weeds, perennials, rhizomes, roots, seasonal variation, sprouting, weed control
Variation in seasonal sprouting pattern from roots and rhizomes of perennial herbaceous plants influence the success of plant proliferation ability, invasiveness and escape from weed control measures. The latter often rely on methods, which repeatedly fragment the underground system, thereby trigger adventitious and axillary buds to sprout, and consequently reduce the amount of stored energy. If carried out at times when no re-growth occurs, treatments will have little effect on weed populations, but cost much in terms of labour and energy. The purpose of this experiment was to determine the seasonal variation in bud sprouting capacity after fragmentation. Five troublesome perennial weed species, collected in northern and southern Sweden, were grown outdoors in Uppsala, Sweden (N 59°49′, E 17°39′), from May 2009 to January 2010. Cut root and rhizome fragments, taken at two weeks intervals from July to January, were used to evaluate bud sprouting capacity, which was statistically analyzed using generalized additive models. In Elytrigia repens from southern Sweden and Sonchus arvensis sprouting capacity was significantly impaired during a period from September to November. In Equisetum arvense and Tussilago farfara sprouting was low between July and November where after it increased. In contrast, Cirsium arvense and E. repens from northern Sweden sprouted readily throughout the period. Except for E. repens, a model by populations was significantly better than one based on latitudinal origin. The result suggests a species-specific timing of treatments in weed management, avoiding the non-effective autumn period for E. arvense, S. arvensis and T. farfara, and in some cases in E. repens.