Main content area

A newly isolated Pseudomonas putida S-1 strain for batch-mode-propanethiol degradation and continuous treatment of propanethiol-containing waste gas

Chen, Dong-Zhi, Sun, Yi-Ming, Han, Li-Mei, Chen, Jing, Ye, Jie-Xu, Chen, Jian-Meng
Journal of hazardous materials 2016 v.302 pp. 232-240
Pseudomonas putida, acetaldehyde, activated sludge, carbon dioxide, cell culture, isopropyl alcohol, metabolites, pollutants, sulfates
Pseudomonas putida S-1 was isolated from activated sludge. This novel strain was capable of degrading malodorous 1-propanethiol (PT). PT degradation commenced with no lag phase by cells pre-grown in nutrition-rich media, such as Luria–Bertani (LB), and PT-contained mineral medium at specific growth rates of 0.10–0.19h⁻¹; this phenomenon indicated the operability of a large-scale cell culture. A possible PT degradation pathway was proposed on the basis of the detected metabolites, including dipropyl disulfide, 3-hexanone, 2-hexanone, 3-hexanol, 2-hexanol, S⁰, SO4²⁻, and CO2. P. putida S-1 could degrade mixed pollutants containing PT, diethyl disulfide, isopropyl alcohol, and acetaldehyde, and LB-pre-cultured cells underwent diauxic growth. Waste gas contaminated with 200–400mg/m³ PT was continuously treated by P. putida S-1 pre-cultured in LB medium in a completely stirred tank reactor. The removal efficiencies exceeded 88% when PT stream was mixed with 200mg/m³ isopropanol; by contrast, the removal efficiencies decreased to 60% as the empty bed residence time was shortened from 40s to 20s.