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Highly efficient degradation of 4-nitrophenol over the catalyst of Mn2O3/AC by microwave catalytic oxidation degradation method

Yin, Cheng, Cai, Jinjun, Gao, Lingfei, Yin, Jingya, Zhou, Jicheng
Journal of hazardous materials 2016 v.305 pp. 15-20
activated carbon, catalysts, catalytic activity, equations, hydroxyl radicals, irradiation, kinetics, manganese oxides, microwave radiation, nanoparticles, oxidants, oxidation, oxygen, p-nitrophenol
A new microwave catalytic oxidation process based on two kinds of catalysts, the commercially available activated carbon (AC) and Mn2O3 nanoparticle modified AC (Mn2O3/AC), was reported for the degradation of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) without adding any oxidant. Effects of microwave power, catalyst dosage, irradiation time, and initial concentration for the degradation efficiency were studied. Results indicated that catalyst of Mn2O3/AC showed much higher catalytic activity than pure AC and Mn2O3 particles. Significantly, 4-NP degradation efficiency reached 99.6%, corresponding to 93.5% TOC removal under optimal conditions with microwave power of 400W, Mn2O3/AC dosage of 2g, reaction time of 5min, and initial concentration of 100mg/L. Hydroxyl radicals (OH) generated during catalytic reaction is the main oxidant, and O2 can not effectively improve removal rate. We proposed the microwave ‘photoelectric effect’ to interpret the generation of OH in view that microwave irradiation can directly excite the catalyst to produce electron–hole pairs and then transform H2O into OH on the surface of catalyst in solution. The obtained kinetic equation for microwave catalytic oxidation degradation of 4-NP was in line with pseudo-first-order kinetic model, that is, apparent rate constant increased as microwave power density increase.