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N-doped mesoporous carbon integrated on carbon cloth for flexible supercapacitors with remarkable performance
- Zhang, Qian, Wang, Ni, Zhao, Peng, Yao, Mengqi, Hu, Wencheng
- Journal of materials science 2018 v.53 no.20 pp. 14573-14585
- X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, capacitance, carbon, electric power, electrodes, energy density, moieties, nitrogen, porous media, pyrroles, sodium sulfate, surface area
- Nitrogen (N)-doped carbon cloth (NCC) was obtained by carbonizing polypyrrole coated on the CC to improve the specific surface area and introduce nitrogen functional groups. The surface area of the NCC was 147 m² g⁻¹, which was 16.7 times that of CC (8.8 m² g⁻¹). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy demonstrated that two types of N dopants (pyrrolic-N and quaternary-N) were successfully doped in the NCC. The NCC had a high specific capacitance of 1.2 F cm⁻² at 8 mA cm⁻² as determined using a three-electrode system in 1 M Na₂SO₄. The asymmetric supercapacitor used with the NCC as negative electrode exhibited an energy density of 2.43 mWh cm⁻³ at 208 mW cm⁻³ with a voltage window of 2 V.