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A comparison of strategies for multiple-gene co-transformation via hairy root induction

Huang, Yu, Su, Ching-Yueh, Kuo, Han-Jung, Chen, Yi-Hung, Huang, Pung-Ling, Lee, Kung-Ta
Applied microbiology and biotechnology 2013 v.97 no.19 pp. 8637-8647
Nicotiana tabacum, Rhizobium rhizogenes, clones, leaves, plasmids, protein synthesis, reporter genes, roots, transfer DNA, transgenes
Hairy root is a transformed root tissue in which transfer DNA (T-DNA) is inserted in the genome by Agrobacterium rhizogenes. To establish a system for multiple-gene co-transformation in hairy roots, we evaluated four different strategies using A. rhizogenes. The genes gusA and mgfp5 were located in separate plasmids, which were transformed into two different batches of A. rhizogenes (strategy 2AR) or a single batch (strategy 2BV). The two reporter genes were also inserted in one T-DNA (strategy 1TD) or two different T-DNAs (strategy 2TD) in a binary vector. Over 90 % of infected Nicotiana tabacum leaf discs formed hairy roots in all four groups, which was not significantly different from the infection efficiency of wild-type A. rhizogenes. Proportions of co-transformed hairy roots with strategies 2AR, 2BV, 1TD, and 2TD were 65.4, 40.0, 78.6, and 82.1 %, respectively, which indicated that all of the strategies were suitable for co-transformation of multiple genes. High variation in growth rate and heterologous protein expression indicated that further screening is required to identify the clone with the highest productivity. Our results indicated that strategies 1TD and 2TD achieved the highest co-transformation efficiency. Combination with strategy 2AR or 2BV provides additional options for co-transformation of multiple transgenes.