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Development of a modified equilibrium model for biomass pilot-scale fluidized bed gasifier performance predictions

Rodriguez-Alejandro, David A., Nam, Hyungseok, Maglinao, Amado L., Capareda, Sergio C., Aguilera-Alvarado, Alberto F.
Energy 2016 v.115 pp. 1092-1108
Gibbs free energy, aromatic compounds, biomass, carbon, dairy manure, fluidized beds, heat, model validation, prediction, synthesis gas, temperature, thermodynamic models, wood chips, wood gasification
The objective of this work is to develop a thermodynamic model considering non-stoichiometric restrictions. The model validation was done from experimental works using a bench-scale fluidized bed gasifier with wood chips, dairy manure, and sorghum. The model was used for a further parametric study to predict the performance of a pilot-scale fluidized biomass gasifier. The Gibbs free energy minimization was applied to the modified equilibrium model considering a heat loss to the surroundings, carbon efficiency, and two non-equilibrium factors based on empirical correlations of ER and gasification temperature. The model was in a good agreement with RMS <4 for the produced gas. The parametric study ranges were 0.01 < ER < 0.99 and 500 °C < T < 900 °C to predict syngas concentrations and its LHV (lower heating value) for the optimization. Higher aromatics in tar were contained in WC gasification compared to manure gasification. A wood gasification tar simulation was produced to predict the amount of tars at specific conditions. The operating conditions for the highest quality syngas were reconciled experimentally with three biomass wastes using a fluidized bed gasifier. The thermodynamic model was used to predict the gasification performance at conditions beyond the actual operation.