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Changes in expression of proteins involved in alleviation of Fe-deficiency by sulfur nutrition in Brassica napus L.
- Muneer, Sowbiya, Lee, Bok Rye, Bae, Dong Won, Kim, Tae Hwan
- Acta physiologiae plantarum 2013 v.35 no.10 pp. 3037-3045
- Brassica napus var. napus, RNA, chloroplasts, chlorosis, hydrogen peroxide, iron, leaves, nutrition, protein synthesis, proteins, sulfur
- In order to characterize the significance of sulfur (S) nutrition in protein expression under iron (Fe)-deficient conditions, gel-based proteomic analysis was performed with the leaves of Brassica napus exposed to S and Fe combined treatments: sufficient in S and Fe (+S/+Fe, control), sufficient S but Fe deprived (+S/−Fe), deprived S but sufficient Fe (−S/+Fe), and deprived S and Fe (−S/−Fe). The resulting data showed that 15 proteins were down-regulated due to production of oxidative damage as indicated by H₂O₂and O₂⁻¹localizations and due to leaf chlorosis in leaves in S-deprived leaves either in presence (−S/+Fe) or absence of Fe (−S/−Fe), whereas these down-regulated proteins were well expressed in the presence of S (+S/−Fe) compared to control (+S/+Fe). In addition, two proteins were up-regulated under S-deprived condition in presence (−S/+Fe) and absence of (−S/−Fe) Fe. The functional classification of these identified proteins was estimated that 40 % of the proteins belong to chloroplast precursor, and rest of the proteins belongs to hypothetical proteins, RNA binding, secondary metabolism and unknown proteins. On the other hand, five protein spots from S deprived (−S/+Fe) and ten spots from Fe deprived (−S/−Fe) conditions were absent, whereas they were well expressed in presence of S (+S/−Fe) compared to control plants (+S/+Fe). These results suggest that sulfur nutrition plays an important role in alleviating protein damage in Fe-deficient plants and adaptation to Fe-deficiency in oilseed rape.