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Influence of phenol on ammonia removal in an intermittent aeration bioreactor treating biologically pretreated coal gasification wastewater

Xu, Chunyan, Han, Hongjun, Jia, Shengyong, Zhao, Qian
Journal of environmental sciences (China) 2016 v.43 pp. 99-105
aeration, ammonia, ammonia monooxygenase, ammonium nitrogen, biological treatment, bioreactors, coal, denitrification, denitrifying bacteria, fluorescence in situ hybridization, gasification, nitrification, phenol, wastewater
A laboratory-scale intermittent aeration bioreactor was investigated to treat biologically pretreated coal gasification wastewater that was mainly composed of NH3-N and phenol. The results showed that increasing phenol loading had an adverse effect on NH3-N removal; the concentration in effluent at phenol loading of 40mgphenol/(L·day) was 7.3mg/L, 36.3% of that at 200mg phenol/(L·day). The enzyme ammonia monooxygenase showed more sensitivity than hydroxylamine oxidoreductase to the inhibitory effect of phenol, with 32.2% and 10.5% activity inhibition, respectively at 200mg phenol/(L·day). Owing to intermittent aeration conditions, nitritation-type nitrification and simultaneous nitrification and denitrification (SND) were observed, giving a maximum SND efficiency of 30.5%. Additionally, ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and denitrifying bacteria were the main group identified by fluorescent in situ hybridization. However, their relative abundance represented opposite variations as phenol loading increased, ranging from 30.1% to 17.5% and 7.6% to 18.2% for AOB and denitrifying bacteria, respectively.